Physiotherapist Dee Why
Sports injuries are commonly caused by overuse, direct impact, or the application of force that is greater than the body part can structurally withstand. Common injuries include bruises, sprains, strains and joint injuries. Therefore, treatment will depend on the type and severity of the injury.
There are two kinds of sports injuries: acute and chronic.
An acute injury is an injury that occurs suddenly, such as a sprained ankle caused by an awkward landing.
Chronic injuries are caused by repeated overuse of muscle groups or joints. Poor technique and structural abnormalities can also contribute to the development of chronic injuries.
Medical investigation of any sports injury is important, because you may be hurt more severely than you think. For example, what seems like an ankle sprain may actually be a bone fracture.
Some of the more common sports injuries include:
Ankle sprain – symptoms include pain, swelling and stiffness.
Bruises – a blow can cause small bleeds into the skin.
Groin strain – symptoms include pain and swelling.
Hamstring strain – symptoms include pain, swelling and bruising.
Knee joint injuries – symptoms include pain, swelling and stiffness. The ligaments, tendons or cartilage can be affected.
Stress fractures – particularly in the lower limbs. The impact of repeated jumping or running on hard surfaces can eventually stress and crack bone.
Wrist injuries - can include fractures or ligament strain. More common in contact sports or by landing on the arm